sklearn.metrics
.r2_score¶
- sklearn.metrics.r2_score(y_true, y_pred, *, sample_weight=None, multioutput='uniform_average')[source]¶
\(R^2\) (coefficient of determination) regression score function.
Best possible score is 1.0 and it can be negative (because the model can be arbitrarily worse). A constant model that always predicts the expected value of y, disregarding the input features, would get a \(R^2\) score of 0.0.
Read more in the User Guide.
- Parameters
- y_truearray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
Ground truth (correct) target values.
- y_predarray-like of shape (n_samples,) or (n_samples, n_outputs)
Estimated target values.
- sample_weightarray-like of shape (n_samples,), default=None
Sample weights.
- multioutput{‘raw_values’, ‘uniform_average’, ‘variance_weighted’}, array-like of shape (n_outputs,) or None, default=’uniform_average’
Defines aggregating of multiple output scores. Array-like value defines weights used to average scores. Default is “uniform_average”.
- ‘raw_values’ :
Returns a full set of scores in case of multioutput input.
- ‘uniform_average’ :
Scores of all outputs are averaged with uniform weight.
- ‘variance_weighted’ :
Scores of all outputs are averaged, weighted by the variances of each individual output.
Changed in version 0.19: Default value of multioutput is ‘uniform_average’.
- Returns
- zfloat or ndarray of floats
The \(R^2\) score or ndarray of scores if ‘multioutput’ is ‘raw_values’.
Notes
This is not a symmetric function.
Unlike most other scores, \(R^2\) score may be negative (it need not actually be the square of a quantity R).
This metric is not well-defined for single samples and will return a NaN value if n_samples is less than two.
References
Examples
>>> from sklearn.metrics import r2_score >>> y_true = [3, -0.5, 2, 7] >>> y_pred = [2.5, 0.0, 2, 8] >>> r2_score(y_true, y_pred) 0.948... >>> y_true = [[0.5, 1], [-1, 1], [7, -6]] >>> y_pred = [[0, 2], [-1, 2], [8, -5]] >>> r2_score(y_true, y_pred, ... multioutput='variance_weighted') 0.938... >>> y_true = [1, 2, 3] >>> y_pred = [1, 2, 3] >>> r2_score(y_true, y_pred) 1.0 >>> y_true = [1, 2, 3] >>> y_pred = [2, 2, 2] >>> r2_score(y_true, y_pred) 0.0 >>> y_true = [1, 2, 3] >>> y_pred = [3, 2, 1] >>> r2_score(y_true, y_pred) -3.0